How to Markup an attachment in iOS 9

Annotate & Markup an attachment in Mail

Signing a document, annotating an attachment and drawing on a photo can now be done directly in the Mail app in iOS 9.

iOS 9 now includes Markup, a tool that lets you annotate email attachments, including image files as well as PDFs, effectively turning the Mail app into a more powerful one with a growing focus on productivity. It allows you to sketch, zoom, add text, and sign documents on the go. This new tool therefore lets you easily mark up a document from within Mail, re-attach it to the email, and send it back in the same message thread.

Markup for iOS 9 works for both incoming or outgoing attachments, meaning that you can annotate either the attachments you receive, or those that you send. 

How to annotate & Markup emails

To annotate an attachment that you attached to an email,  add the attachment to the message and then tap and hold on it until the Share menu appears. From there, scroll to the right and simply select Markup and Reply. This will open up the Markup editor. If you are attempting to markup an attachment you received, tap the attachment and download it first. Then tap and hold the attachment, and select Markup and Reply

save attachment - share sheet

The Markup Editor

With the Markup editor open, you can change colour of the drawing, alter the thickness of the lines, add callouts by drawing with your finger, add text by tapping the text box button, or add your signature by tapping the Signature button.

markup editor - ios 9

1. Freehand tool. You can draw lines, shapes, arrows or write text. When you draw a circle, arrow or rectangle or square, Markup will attempt to turn your hand-drawn shape into a "proper" shape.

2. Magnify an area of your attachment. Tap this button and then tap the attachment to magnify.

3.  Text. Tap to add a text box. The tools on the right, (Numbers 5,6,7) are used to change colours, fonts, font sizes, orientation - centred etc, line and pen width. Select your formatting options and then tap inside the text box and select, Edit. You can then type your text. Hold the handles to move the text box around the screen.

4. Add and use your signature. Tap, then add a new signature, if it is your first time using this tool, and sign your name using your finger or a stylus. Tap Done, or Clear to enter it again. Your signature will then appear on your attachment. You can tap and hold to move it to the correct location on your document.

5,6,7 are the formatting tools. (See No. 3)


An example of markup

Here I've added a text box, a red rectangle around an image I'd like to emphasis and an arrow.

Saving your markup

Click Done when you are ready and your markup which is on the attachment will be saved. You can then send the mail message which will include the marked up / annotated attachment. At this stage, there is no way to save the annotated attachment to your iCloud Drive. However, you could get around this by sending yourself a copy of the email (with the marked up attachment) and then saving the attachment

Marking up an image in a Mail message

Add the image to your mail message. Tap and hold on the message area and then select, Insert photo or video.

Once the image has been inserted into the mail message, tap and hold the image and then tap, Markup.

Use the same Markup tools as explained above. Click done when you've finished and send the message.

Working with Attachments in Mail iOS 9

Add attachments to and from Mail

iOS 9 finally allows you to save attachments or add attachments to emails from iCloud Drive or another Cloud location like Google Drive or Dropbox  in the Mail app.

Currently, if you want to save an attachment in the Mail app, you have to open the attachment using a third-party app using the Open in option, and then export it to iCloud Drive. While composing an email, you cannot attach any file, you can only add photos from your Camera roll.

If you wanted to add any other type of file as an attachment to an email, then you had to do it using the app that was used to create or edit it, which was quite cumbersome.

At the same time, you can now "Mark up" your attachment - writing or typing text, highlighting, sketch and draw on the attachment.

Save attachment from a mail message

  • Open the email with the attachment.

  • Tap to download the file, if it has not been downloaded automatically.Tap and hold on the attachment. It will open the Share sheet.

  • Swipe to the right on the bottom row of icons to access Save Attachment icon Tap on the icon.

save attachment from mail ios 9

It will open iCloud Drive document picker. You can select the folder you want to save the email attachment and then tap on Export to this Location at the bottom to save the file to iCloud Drive.

You also have the option to change the Locations (an option available at the top left corner). This allows you to save the files directly to third-party storage services such as Dropbox, Google Drive etc.  This gives you the ability to save attachments directly to Dropbox, Google Drive etc. within the iCloud Document picker, instead of using the “Open in” option.


Add attachment to an email in Mail app

  • Tap on the Compose icon at the top right corner to write a new email.
  • Tap and hold in the body area.
  • It will bring up the Action menu. Tap on the right arrow until you see the Add Attachment option.
add attachment to mail
  • This will open the iCloud Drive again or you can tap Locations and select another Cloud service.
  • Tap on the document to attach it to the email.
HERE, I've selected my Google drive. mail has accessed google drive and i've selected the folder and from there i can tap a file to add it as an attachment.

HERE, I've selected my Google drive. mail has accessed google drive and i've selected the folder and from there i can tap a file to add it as an attachment.

That’s it. The file will be attached to the email. Tap on the Send button once you’re ready to send your email with the attachment.

If you want to attach multiple files to an email, then you need to repeat the above process. You don’t have the option to attach multiple files at once currently when you’re adding attachments to the email.

The Keyboard has changed in iOS 9

Keyboard enhancements in iOS 9

The keyboard can quickly turn into a trackpad for quickly navigating and editing text, and constantly offers tool shortcuts just above the keys for simply editing. Depending on the application you are using, you will find different editing tools on your keyboard.

ipad keyboard.jpg

As you use the new keyboard throughout various apps, you'll notice just above the top row on either side of the QuickType suggestions are shortcut keys. The keys present will vary from app to app, but the gist is the same: these keys provide valuable shortcuts to commands such as copy, paste, undo and text formatting. Get in the habit of using then instead of long-pressing on the screen, highlighting the text, then navigating through the pop-up menu.

The keyboard in the Notes App

keyboard - notes app

To see these enhancements, remember, you need to be using iOS 9. The Notes app has had a facelift in iOS 9 and you can add images, create checklists, do styling of your text and sketch and draw. All of this is available in the keyboard.

1.  Tap this button  to open a small menu where you can  go back  a command or repeat a command and paste whatever is in the clipboard.

2. This button will create a checklist.

3.  Styles your text. You can select a bulleted, numbered  or dashed list, and different styles for headings, titles and the body.

4. Predictive text. As you type, it will predict what word it thinks you want and you can select the word to make your typing input quicker. You need to have turned on Predictive text in Settings / General / Keyboard - Turn on Predictive.  If you can't see this predictive text on your keyboard, slide open the tray. Just above the letter 'Y', you'll see a horizontal line.. Drag it upwards to open the predictive text tray.

5. Add a photo from the camera or your Camera Roll to your note.

6. Sketch or draw on your note.


The keyboard in the Mail App

keyboard - mail app

1. Back a command or repeat a command.

2. Paste whatever is in the clipboard.

3. Predictive text. As you type, it will predict what word it thinks you want and you can select the word to make your typing input quicker. You need to have turned on Predictive text in Settings / General / Keyboard - Turn on Predictive.  If you can't see this predictive text on your keyboard, slide open the tray. Just above the letter 'Y', you'll see a horizontal line.. Drag it upwards to open the predictive text tray.

4. Styling commands for your mail message. Bold / Italic / Underline. Tap the button to select which one you want to use.

5.  Add an image to your message  fro your Photos app - not directly from the camera.

6.  Add an attachment to your message. This can be any type of attachment. 


Turn your keyboard into a trackpad

When typing with the keyboard, you can convert it to a trackpad by placing two fingers on the screen anywhere inside the keyboard. The keys will turn dark gray, losing all letters and numbers. You can move the cursor by dragging both fingers across the screen, lifting your fingers when the cursor has reached its destination.

You can use the same setup to highlight large blocks of text. Quickly double-tap with two fingers the word you want to start with (leaving both on the screen on the second tap). The nearest text word or character will become highlighted, with more text becoming highlighted as you drag your fingers across. The trackpad functionality is easy to use as long as you remember one thing: spread your fingers apart just a little bit

keyboard - trackpad
  • Select text: Place two fingers on the keyboard and hold them in place until the cursor pulses. Move your fingers to select text adjacent to the cursor. To remove the selection, lift your fingers and then tap the screen in the text-input area.
  • Select a word: Place the cursor inside the word, and then two-finger tap on the keyboard.
  • Select a line: Place the cursor on the line, and then two-finger double-tap on the keyboard.

How to use Siri to search for Photos

Use Siri to search for your photos

If you want to quickly find a particular photo, or set of photos, just ask Siri (your iPhone’s voice-activated assistant). To use Siri, you need to make sure it’s switched on by going to Settings > General > Siri. Now simply hold down the Home button until the Siri screen appears, then ask a question or give a command.

Siri can now search through your images using simple language. So if you’re wanting to show someone pictures from your trip to Sydney, for example, you can! To do that, you’ll say something along the lines of “Show me my pictures from Sydney" (or Melbourne, or however you want to break it down).

siri search for photos

As I’ve done above, you can also add on searching by date. With this, you could ask to see pictures from a certain month or year, or from a specific place AND a certain date.  You can ask Siri to search through your photos and videos based on album titles. 

This will save you a lot of time searching for images.

And if you check out Siri’s help page (by saying “help” after invoking Siri by holding down the Home button), you’ll note all of the other photo-related searching you can do.

siri photos questions

Multitasking in iOS 9

How to be productive in iOS 9

Split View, Slide Over, Picture in Picture

With iOS9, Apple has introduced a new feature called Multitasking that takes the iPad to the next level. By running two apps side by side, you can be more productive than ever before. While this feature is only fully compatible with the iPad Air 2, iPad mini 4 and iPad Pro (and in limited ways on some older iPads), it's an incredibly powerful feature that might be worth the upgrade. (Note that Multitaskingg does not work on any model of iPhone)

Multitasking comes in three forms:

Split View: You can have two apps running fully side by side in Split View mode

Slide Over: You can peek at an app and use it in limited ways with Slide Over

Picture in Picture:  You can run a video in a window all its own in a mode called Picture in Picture.

Slide Over

This handy feature lets you run a second app on your iPad without leaving the app you're currently using. To use Slide Over:

1. Open Safari, Mail, Messages or any other app that supports Multitasking. This includes most apps bundled with iOS, as well as apps downloaded from the iTunes App Store, including Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint), 1Password.

2. Slide your finger from the right edge of the screen towards the centre. This will "pause" the main app you have open and initiate Slide Over view, allowing you to select from a column of supported apps. Tap one to start using it.

3. While you are in this mode, you can switch apps by swiping from the top of the screen on the Slide Over window (just like you were opening Notification Center). If you want to exit Slide Over mode, either press the Home button or tap the drag bar and pull it back to the right side of the screen and let go.

slideover on ios 9

Split View

After initiating Slide Over, if the two apps you're using support multitasking, then you'll see a drag handle on the Slide Over window. Dragging this handle to the left will let you enter Split View mode for true side-by-side multitasking. From Slide Over mode, drag the handle to the centre to switch to Split View mode.

When using apps in Split View mode, iOS 9 will remember the sizes of the windows that you're using, so if, for example, you use the Home button to exit to the Home screen, then open another app, then return to one of the two apps that were split in multitasking mode, the windows will open at the sizes they were previously. As with Slide Over, if you want to exit out of Split View mode, simply grab the drag handle and slide it off to the right side of the screen until the secondary app disappears from view.

split view


Picture in Picture

Picture in Picture (commonly called PIP) refers to the feature in iOS 9 that lets you overlay a small video window on top of all other apps and the Home screen, allowing you to keep the video playing while navigating iOS and going in and out of apps.

Activating PIP can usually be accomplished in one of two ways. The first is to simply play the video in a compatible app, then press the Home button - if the developers have set the app up to do so, then the video will minimize to a PIP window on the Home screen.

The second way is by manually activating PIP from the video player window. This is how it's done within Safari and other apps that use the standard player controls available in iOS. If you encounter a player with a PIP button, you can tap this button to shrink the player down into one of the four corners of the screen, allowing you to keep navigating inside of the app or leave the app by pressing the Home button, all while the video remains playable.


picture in picture

You can resize this mini player by using a pinch gesture, play or pause the video by tapping it once then tapping the play/pause button, stop the video by tapping the "X" button, or restore the app the video belongs to (and exit PIP mode) by tapping the maximise button. Minimising the Picture in Picture window is easy: just push it toward the edge of the screen.

In addition, the PIP window can be moved to any of the four corners of the screen by simply dragging and releasing it. You can also make the PIP window minimize itself further by pushing it further towards the edge of the screen. The audio continues to play, but only a small portion of the video will remain on the screen.

You can be more productive on your iPad with these new features. This video shows how to use split view, slide over and picture in picture (PIP) on the iPad.

Manage Documents and files using Goodreader 4

Manage Documents & Files using Goodreader 4

GoodReader is like the file manager  on your computer. It will help you do a host of file management tasks, connect to computers, servers and cloud storage.Word documents. It is a super-robust PDF reader for iPad, iPhone and iPod touch. With GoodReader on your iPad/iPhone, you can also read virtually anything, anywhere: books, movies, maps, pictures, pdf documents and WORD documents . Use it once and you'll be hooked. If you work with documents, soon you'll be wondering how you ever managed to use your iPad or iPhone without GoodReader.

Where to start?

The File Management actions require selecting files/folders. Select or deselect files/folders by tapping them. Select All and Deselect All buttons are there to help you with this. Selected files are marked with a green dot.

What do these tools do?

Here is an explanation of all the file management tools in Goodreader 4.

file management tools goodreader 4

  • Use Open In... button to open a selected file in another app that supports Document Interchange.
  • Use New Folder button to create a new folder.
  • Use Delete button to delete all selected files/folders (be careful - this can't be undone).
  • Use Rename button to rename a single selected file or folder. 
  • Use Copy and Move buttons to copy or move selected files/folders.
  • Use Zip button to compress multiple files and folders into .zip archives. If any protected item was put into archive, this archive will also be protected.
  • Use Unzip and Unrar buttons to uncompress existing .zip and .rar archives
  • Use E-Mail button to send selected files as e-mail attachments. Folders can't be e-mailed (but you can zip them first). Your outgoing mail server may provide a limitation for a total size of files that can be sent in a single message.
  • Use New PDF button to create a blank PDF file for your notes and drawings
  • Use New TXT button to create a new empty TXT file for further editing. This feature is useful for comfortable offline reading or editing of a pure text copied from some other app (Safari, for example).


  • Use MarkRead and MarkUnread buttons to mark files and folders as read or unread. Read and unread files are distinguished by title's color - read files are shown in black, unread - in blue. Opening a file for reading or visiting a folder in normal (non-action) mode automatically marks it as read. You can see the list of recently read files using Find Files feature in Recently Read mode.
  • Use Star and Unstar buttons to visually mark/unmark files and folders with a star and a colour tag. To toggle a star for a single file or folder you can simply tap the star icon in file management mode. You can quickly see the list of all starred files and folders using Find Files feature in Starred mode.
  • Use Protect and Unprotect buttons to set/remove password protection for individual files and folders. When trying to open protected files or folders you will be asked to enter a password (it must be previously set in Application Settings, Security section). All protected files and folders share the same password, but this password is different from application startup password. Once you enter this password, GoodReader enters the private mode. It means that you can freely open protected files and folders until you quit GoodReader. You can see a small lock icon on the bottom bar when you're in the private mode. The contents of protected folders is accessible via WiFi and via Find Files feature only if you're in the private mode. Also you're not allowed to copy or move protected files and folders that contain protected files, if you're not in the private mode. This feature uses iOS's Data Protection API, which actually encrypts your files, keeping your data confidential, even if your device gets lost or stolen. Be careful not to forget your password, because no way of retrieving or resetting this password is provided. If you have forgotten your password, the only way to reset it is to delete and reinstall the app, which will also erase all your files and settings. 

  • Use Flatten Copy button to flatten a PDF file with annotations
  • Use Import Photos and Save to Photos buttons to transfer audio and video files between GoodReader and device's Photo Album
  • Use Link button to copy a special URL link of a single selected file to clipboard. 
  • "iCloud" folder: use Download button to start downloading files and entire folders from iCloud. Once a file is downloaded, all changes to this file made elsewhere will be automatically pushed to the current device.
  • "iCloud" folder: use Evict button to evict files and entire folders from the current device. Changes made to evicted files elsewhere will not be pushed to the current device. To resume receiving changes to a file, you will have to download it again. You may want to evict certain files to save Internet traffic while you're on the go.
  • "iCloud" folder: use Publish button to create a public web link to share an iCloud file with other people. Publishing a file creates its snapshot. This snapshot is not affected by any subsequent changes made to the original file.

Manage a pdf document in Goodreader 4

PDF Management in Goodreader 4

GoodReader is a file viewer but also much more. The app supports PDF and TXT files and can handle most other file types: MS Office -.doc, .ppt, .xls,(.docx, pptx, .xlsx), iWork ‘08/'09, HTML, and Safari webarchives, images, and audio/video files. One of its best features is the ability to annotate PDF files.

The new PDF page manipulation tools in GoodReader include virtually all of the tools that you are likely to ever want to use to work with a PDF file. T  In the prior version of GoodReader, you could use the app to organize, view and annotate your PDF files, but if you wanted to manipulate the PDF file you would have to use another app on your iPad to do so.  GoodReader 4 adds the ability to manipulate pages in a PDF file. 

Navigation Tools

In Goodreader, open a pdf document and in the Reading Pane, tap the middle of the screen to open up the Editingt & Navigation tools. The Navigation toolbar is at the bottom of the screren. Tap the Pdf  Management.

Edit a Pdf Document

Tap the Edit button and Select a page. This will open the management tools. This is what you can do.

  1. Add a new Page: You can also add blank pages to an existing PDF file, useful if you want to add a page of notes as a part of a file, or create a new PDF file with one or more blank pages where you can take notes.
  2. Move pages: Rearrange pages within a file.
  3. Extract: extract pages and turn them into a new PDF file
  4. Email: extract pages to email just those pages,
  5. Delete: delete pages.
  6. Rotate: rotate individual or all pages.
  7. Split: split a PDF file
  8. Append: insert pages to a PDF file from another PDF file. 

Add a New Page

Tap Add Pages. To add multiple pages, tap the +. To add the new page(s) to a specific location, move the marker to the location where the new pages will go and then tap: Add Here. Tap Save. You can add your own notes on these new blank pages.

Move Pages

You can move pages within your doucment. Tap Edit, then Move (at the bottom). Select the page(s) you want to move.  Drag the marjer to the position you want the pages to be relocated. Tap Move Here.

Extract pages

You can extract pages from a large document and email them or turn them into a new pdf file. Tap Edit, Select the pages you want to extract and then Tap Extract. Extract the pages "As Is"  or Flatten Annotations. A new file will be created in Your Documents.  You can then email the new file or annoate and edit it.

Delete Pages

Tap Edit, select the page(s) you want to delete and then tap Delete.

Rotate a file

Tap Edit, select the page you want to rotate then tap Rotate.

Split a file

You can also use the Split tool to create two new files, one file with the first part of the original PDF file and one file with the second part of the original PDF file.  This could be useful if you are trying to email a PDF file from your iPad that is too large; you can chop it into two or more smaller files.  To use this feature, first tap the Split button, and then drag a marker to indicate where the file should be split — or you can just tap between two pages to move the marker to that spot.  Then tap "Split here" to create the two new files

Append a file

You can add separate pdf files and create one large document. Tap Append, select the document (s) you want to append and tap Append. Tap .

How to download Facebook videos to your Computer

How to Download Facebook Videos to your Computer

When you see a great video on Facebook, you could share it to your timeline so you can find it again and replay it. But how do you download the video to your computer so you can keep it?

There are a number of methods to do this which you'll see if you do a Google search but I have one method that works easily as long as you use the Chrome browser. It involves adding the Facebook Video Downloader extension to Chrome. Click the link below to locate the extension. and then click  the button Add to Chrome.

Add this to Chrome: Facebook Video Downloader - Chrome extension

An icon will be added to your Chrome toolbar (top right). It is waiting for a video to download. You need to play the video in Facebook FIRST and then click the extension's icon. IfChrome can't locate a video, the download buttons will be greyed out. Open Facebook in another Tab and start the video playing. Now click the extension in your toolbar.

No video is playing which is why you can't download anything.

No video is playing which is why you can't download anything.

When a playing video has been located, you can download it.

When a playing video has been located, you can download it.

The video will be downloaded and playable in a Chrome Tab. Right click on the video and click Save video As  to save the video to your computer. Now you need to rename the video. It currently has a string of characters which is the identity of the video given to it by Facebook. Rename the video, select a storage location and then click Save.

Take photos and videos using the Camera app on the iPad

Take photos & videos with the iPad Camera app

There are many features in the iOS 8 iPad and iPhone Camera app.  Here is an overview of some of the features of the camera as well as look at metadata and viewing your photos.


Accessing the Camera

How often have you seen a great moment unfold in front of your eyes, only to realize that it’s gone by the time you’re ready to take a picture? While that happens to all of us, you can improve your chances of taking the perfect shot if you know how to access the camera quickly.

Swipe Up For Quick Access

The fastest and most convenient way to access the camera is from lock screen. Do you see the camera icon at the bottom right corner in the screenshot below? Just swipe up from there and you’ll open the camera immediately  you don’t even need to enter your passcode if the iPhone is locked! With this trick you can literally start shooting in less than a second!


Use the Control Center

If you’re already using your iPad, you can swipe up from the bottom of the screen and open the Control Center. Tap the Camera icon.

Use the Camera App

The iPad comes pre-installed with the Camera app.

Turn On The Grid  Composing your photos

The grid  which consists of two horizontal and two vertical lines that divide the screen into three equal parts  is one of the most useful photography tools on the iPhone. It’s great for applying the rule of thirds, keeping the horizon straight, and it serves as a reminder to always think about composition when taking a photo. To turn on the grid in iOS 8, go to Settings, scroll down to Photos & Camera, and make sure that Grid slider is turned on.

Shoot in Burst mode

The burst mode is one of the most useful shooting features inside the iOS 8 Camera app. To activate burst mode simply hold down the shutter button for half a second or longer, and the iPhone will start taking photos one after another. On the iPad and iPhone 6, you can get as many as 10 photos per second.

The burst mode is useful whenever there’s any movement or unpredictability inside the scene. It’s nearly impossible to catch the perfect moment of a child playing or a flock of seagulls surrounding a person, which is why the burst mode is a great tool for getting the moment exactly right.

Burst mode can also be used to capture the movement of people. As humans walk they go through different stages, and the brief moment when the forward foot is about to hit the ground usually looks best in photos. Since your subjects move their feet rather quickly, burst mode can be a great tool for capturing that magical moment.

View the photos taken by burst mode in the Camera roll. Here you can select the photos you want to keep and delete the rest.


Set Focus and Exposure

One of the most essential features of the iPhone’s camera is the ability to set focus and exposure by tapping anywhere on the screen. If you don’t set focus and exposure, the iPad will do that for you, and most of the time it does a fairly good job. After all, that’s how most iPad users take all their photos.

However, there are times when autofocus fails and your photos end up blurred. For this reason you should always set focus and exposure manually to make sure that your photos are sharp

Manual Exposure Adjustment

This is a fantastic new tool which is going to make such a difference when trying to get the right exposure using thenative Camera app. Previously, you had to set focus and exposuretogether, which was often frustrating as you might want to set focus for one part of the scene and exposure for another. You could use other camera apps such as Camera+t o take photos with separate focus and exposure points, but now you can use the native Camera app to set the focus and then manually adjust the exposure before taking the photo.

Start by tapping (or tapping and holding) the part of the screen that you want to set focus for  this would normally be on the main subject of the photo to ensure that it is in sharp focus.

Adjust the Exposure

When you tap to set focus, a yellow square with a sun icon appears where you tapped toindicate the focus point. This is also the point that the camera has set exposure for.

However, oftenthe exposurethat the camera sets based on the focus point doesn’t look good. In the sunflowers photo above, the exposure of the image is a bit dark. If your photo looks too bright or too dark, you can now adjust the exposure without changing the focus point.

Simply swipe up or down anywhere on the screen  up to make the image brighter ordown to make it darker. As you swipe up or down you’ll see the sun icon move on the slider. Sometimes, when you set focus and exposure by tapping on the screen, the exposure doesn’t look quite right  the image may appear under-exposed (too dark) or over-exposed (too bright). In these cases you can manually adjust the exposure before taking the photo.

If you want to start again and focus/expose for a different partof the scene, simply tapona different area of the screen and start again.

Lock Focus And Exposure

Besides setting focus and exposure, the iPhone also allows you to lock them. Simply tap the screen where you want to set focus and exposure, but instead of releasing your finger hold it down for a couple of seconds. A larger square will appear where your finger is along with a yellow AE/AF LOCK sign. No matter what happens inside the frame or how you move the iPad, the focus and exposure will remain unchanged and autofocus will be effectively disabled. Here’s what happens as I move the iPad further from the subject.

This shot of a table tennis table has a very distinct foreground and background, and the foreground has significantly less light than the background.

In this case tap the screen where the table tennis ball is. This sets the focus and exposure on the ball. The background is now overexposed (too bright) and out of focus.


Why should you lock the exposure and focus?

Whenever there are significant changes inside the frame, the iPad will automatically adjust focus and exposure for you. If you’ve already set focus and exposure and a person walks through the scene, the iPad will automatically readjust, but this adjustment takes time and any photos you take during that time will likely be blurred.

Even worse, the way you set focus and exposure will be lost and you’ll have to start all over. If you are expecting movement in the scene, it is a good idea to lock focus and exposure. This is very useful in street photography, where you can set focus and exposure in advance and wait for a person to pass through the frame.

Take HDR Photos

HDR, which stands for High Dynamic Range, is another great photography tool that’s built into the camera of your iPad. While there’s a lot to say about HDR photography with the iPad, what you really need to know is that it combines three different exposures of the same photo in rapid succession. These three photos are taken in standard, over, and under exposed modes and the three images are combined to produce the best picture.

Without HDR, you get one of two things: either your subject is perfectly lit but the rest of the image is washed out, or the background of your photo is well-lit but the foreground is darker and slightly out of focus.


How to shoot an HDR photo

When getting ready to shoot an HDR photograph, you want to choose your subject as your focal point. This ensures that the main portion of your image will be properly exposed, and gives the iPad’s processor more to work with when creating your HDR picture. Test several focal points when you first start shooting HDR, so that you can create your ideal result.

As cool as it is, HDR is not a fix-all; it can’t create brightness where there is none, like in the very dim light of a restaurant or at dusk. Your device’s flash is disabled when using HDR, but you can use another device’s screen or flash to provide some ambient light; this gives your iPad more data to work with so that it can add more detail to the shadows.

Viewing HDR images in your Camera Roll

By default, when you shoot an image with HDR turned on, your device keeps both photosthe original unaltered image, and the merged HDR photo. If you’d prefer to not keep the original image, open up the Settings App and go to Photos & Camera > Keep Normal Photo. Disable the switch, and when you next take an HDR photo, only the altered version will appear in your Camera Roll. If you keep this enabled, you could compare both versions to decide if you should take a new shot.

To tell the difference between your normal and HDR images in your Camera Roll, look for the HDR image markerwhen you tap on an altered image, you’ll see a slightly opaque icon in the upper left corner of the image that says “HDR.”


The native Camera app now includes a self-timer that enables you to set a 3 second or 10 second delay when taking photos. This is great for when you want to be in the photo yourself, or if you’re taking photos in low light on a tripod where pressing the shutter button is likely to introduce camera shake.

  • Open the Camera app (Self-timer is availablefor Photo and Square mode only (not for video or Time-lapse))
  • Tap on the timer icon near the shutter. On the iPad, the timer icon is above the shutter, near the HDR option.
  • When you tap, you get three options: no timer, 3s timer, 10s timer.
  • Tap on the timer value to enable the self-timer.

Test the timer by tapping on the shutter. You should see a countdown on the screen before the shutter clicks.

Time Lapse video

In iOS 8 you can now also create time-lapse videos that enable you to film a scene over a period of time and then speed up the footage so that everything appears to move much more quickly.

To access time-lapse video mode, swipe through the list of shooting modes (video, photo, square, pano, etc.) next to the shutter button until Time-Lapse is selected. You can set focus and exposure in the same way as when you take a photo, then tap the shutter button to start recording.

Set your iOS device on a solid surface, free of any vibration or movement with the lens pointed towards whatever you want to record, and tap on the red record button. The device will then begin dynamically capturing photos at an interval of its choosing. When you're finished, tap the red button again and marvel at your masterpiece. Remember, the longer you record, the longer your time-lapse video will be.


With the recent launch of the new  Hyperlapse app by  Instagram, everyone is talking about time-lapse videos, so this might be a popular addition to the Camera app.

However, it doesn’t have the same choice of options as Hyperlapse, such as being able to choose the rate at which the footage issped up or the option to share on Instagram. So if you’re serious about time-lapse photography, the native Camera app may not offer you all youneed.

How to take a Panorama (Pano)

By taking a video-like stream of successive frames, the iPad can stitch together a single photo greater than the sum of its parts. You can take a "pano" from either left to right or right to left, and you can even rotate your iPad and take one from up to down or down to up.

  1. Launch the Camera app on your iPad or iPhone.
  2. Swipe to change modes from normal camera mode to panorama mode.
  3. The iPad defaults to portrait mode from panoramas so make sure you are holding your iPad that way and not in landscape mode.
  4. By default, panoramas always start on the left and want you to pan to the right. You can change this by tapping the arrow to change directions.
  5. Tap the capture button to start taking a panoramic photo.
  6. Keep your feet firmly planted and make sure the arrow stays on the line as you pan from right to left.
  7. Once you're done taking your pano, simply tap the capture button again.

To take a vertical panoramma with your iPad or iPhone, instead of panning left to right, pan up and down instead.

Geotagging photos

When you launch the Camera app on your iPhone, iPod touch, or iPad for the first time it'll ask you if it can use your location. That uses Wi-Fi router mapping, and, if available, cell-tower triangulation and GPS to determine where you are and record that information along with the photo. This is called geotagging.  It's great if you want to keep track of where you took your pictures, like on a photo walk or a vacation, but if you want to protect your privacy and keep your location undisclosed, it's not so good. Luckily, even if you allowed location the first time, you can change your mind at any time.

You can view the location of your photos on a map in the Photos app. In the Moments or collection view, tap the location and your photos open in Map view. If the photo does not appear on a map, then you have disabled your camera from accessing your location.

How to enable or disable GPS location tagging on your iPhone or iPad

  1. Launch the Settings app from your iPhone or iPad Home screen.
  2. Tap on Privacy.
  3. Tap on Location Services.
  4. Tap on Camera.
  5. Choose either While Using the App or Never.


View the metadata of your iPad’s photos

Every time you take a photo, whether it is with your iPad, iPhone or an actual camera, a bunch of data is automatically added to the file of that photo. Thismetadata,as it is called in photography, is the data about the data of your photos.

There are several types of metadata that can list various points of information about your photos. If some of this metadata can be input by the photographer himself, other metadata is written automatically by your iPhone as you shoot a photo. There is for example EXIF, GPS and TIFF metadata, which are automatically attached to the file of a photo you take with your iPad.

General metadata includes: the file size, file name, file size and more.

EXIF data includes: aperture value, brightness value, focal length, the lens model, shutter speed value, and more.



Access the meta data on your iPad or iPhone

To access the metadata of your iPhone pictures, we will need an app called Photo Investigator, which is a free download in the App Store. This isn’t the only app in the App Store that lets you see the metadata of your iPad or Phone photos, but it seems to be the best one I could find.  It is a free ad-supported app

1)Download Photo Investigatorfrom the App Store. Launch the app and allow it to access your photos.

2)Tap on the Photo library icon at the lower left corner of the screen. This will load all your photo albums.

3)Tap on a photo album and select the photo for which you want to see the metadata. You will notice that photos with a globe icon have GPS metadata, and photos with a clock icon have an EXIF timestamp.

4)After selecting a photo, you will automatically be taken to a list of metadata available. From there, you can see the photo EXIF, GPS data, and more.

Now it’s up to you to figure out what you want to do with the metadata of your photos. You can for example use it to find out where a photo that was emailed to you was taken. Or maybe you want to know what camera was used to take that photo. Quite frankly, there is so much information in a photo’s metadata that you probably won’t know what to do with it all.

At least now you know how to access this metadata.

Manage and share your photos on your iPad using Dropbox

Get photos off your iPad using Dropbox

They say that the best camera is the one you have with you and your smartphone becomes the best camera around. However, the most frustrating part of using the iPhone or iPad is getting photos onto your computer. Rather than emailing photos back to your computer all the time, this document will show you how to use Dropbox to share, view, stream and download your photos.

Save your photos to the Cloud

There are a number of excellent online file sync services that you can use to keep photos available to you anywhere that you have web access.  All of these services can automatically upload new photos and videos in the background and your photos are available to view, stream, download or share from the  service's web site, from your computer or from the app you installed on your iPad. If you are not in a wireless environment, you can tweak the settings to only upload when you are connected to WiFi. Using the Cloud means your photos are always available (subect to an internet connection), and most importantly, are backed up off site.

All you need is an account with Dropbox and  then download the free app from the App Store.

Dropbox ;   2 gb free, or Dropbox Pro: $10.99 (AUD) per month for 1tb (1000 gb) (November 2014 prices)


Create an account & download the Dropbox app

One of the easiest ways to make sure you never lose a photo or video you take with your iPhone or iPad is to use Dropbox. The online storage and file syncing app has a feature called Camera Upload that automatically saves photos and videos from your mobile device to your Dropbox folder, keeping your photos and videos safe both stored in the cloud and synced with your computer. Here's how to use Camera Upload with the iOS app.

  • First sign up for a free Dropbox account from your computer.
  • Then, download the free Dropbox app on your iPad from the App Store

Dropbox - Auto upload photos

The Dropbox app has a very cool auto-upload process that will automatically upload photos and videos from the iPad Camera Roll to Dropbox.

Auto upload your Camera roll photos to your Dropbox account

  • Log in to the Dropbox app on the iPad with your new account and click on the Photos icon. This is where you can view all your photos and any videos taken with the iPad's camera.
  • Open the Settings.

Enable auto Uploading of photos from your iPad or iPhone

Open the Settings, Select Camera Upload and turn ON. Photos will only auto upload when you are connected to WiFi. If you want to use cellular data, enable: Use Cellular data.  

As soon as you enable Auto Upload, the upload process begins for all existing photos in the Camera Roll. You can view your photos on in the Photos page, in addition to seeing them in the Camera Uploads folder from your computer and other Dropbox-connected devices and in the Dropbox app on the iPad. There's no setting to choose photos or videos. Dropbox Camera Upload will upload both.

From now on, all future photos taken by the iPad will automatically upload to the Dropbox folder. You can then download your photos from Dropbox to your computer by going to, logging in to your account, and downloading the photos.

Keep an eye on your Dropbox storage space. You only get 2GB of space to start with, and if you use Dropbox to store lots of other files, this can get used up rather quickly. If you run out of space, you should upgrade to the Dropbox pro account


How does Dropbox work?

Dropbox functions by creating a local folder on your device or computer that then syncs with an online version. This means you have all your data available whether you are on or offline. Files appear quickly online once you place them in the Dropbox folder on your computer, Folders and files can also be shared with friends either by sending them links (these work for non-Dropbox users) which allow them to view the data, or by sending a collaboration invite for the file.

This is Dropbox accessed on the web  by logging into your account at Select Photos to see all photos uploaded from  your iPad or iPhone.

Dropbox folder installed on your computer

This is the Dropbox folder installed on a MAC.  You can download Dropbox for both Windows and MAC. Every photo and file uploaded to your Dropbox account will be synced to any device with dropbox installed. Photos will appear in the local Dropbox folder as Camera Uploads.

Files with a green tick have been synchronised. This means the photo has been successfully uploaded to Dropbox and been pushed out to all your devices with Dropbox installed. All your Dropbox devices have access to the same content.  Anything with a blue tick has been uploaded to Dropbox but not yet synchronised.

You can open your online Dropbox folder and copy the photos and videos to your picture library on your computer. Don't drag the photos out of the folder or cut and paste them as this will remove the photo from Dropbox.

Download Dropbox for Windows

Download Dropbox for MAC

Sharing photos from Dropbox

Once you have your photos uploaded to Dropbox, you can share them to friends or family. No longer do you need to email large files to  people, burn the photos to a DVD or copy them to a USB drive. With Dropbox, you can create a link to the photos or create a folder  for sharing, put the photos into that folder and share the folder. The person receiving the link will need a Dropbox account to access the folder, but not an individual image.

If you choose to spend the $9.99 per month to get the Dropbox Pro account, you'll be able to enable viewer permissions. You'll also be able to set passwords and expirations for shared links if you have Dropbox Pro.

Sharing a photo using your computer

Select a photo from your Camera Uploads folder in the Dropbox folder.

Right-Click on the image you want to share.

Select Share Dropbox link.  The link is copied to the clipboard. You can paste the link into a Word document or directly into an email message or text mesage app

The link pasted into an email message

When you click the link from the email, it opens the photo in Dropbox where you can view it, You can also download the photo to your computer, save it your Dropbox account, if you have one, or print it. Sharing a photo does not require the recipient to have a Dropbox account unlike sharing a folder.

Sharing a photo from your iPad

From the Dropbox app, you can share a photo or multiple photos to as many people as you like. Select the Photos from the Photos tab in the Dropbox app, tap the Sharing button and then tap Copy Link. This generates a link which you can put in an email. Those receiving the link can open the photo; no need for a Dropbox account. They can download the photo, print it or download it into their Dropbox account (if they have one). They cannot share the photo to anyone else. However, if the photo is downloaded, it ceases to be private and could be shared.

Make sure you are in the Photos tab (2nd tab from the left at the bottom)

  1. Tap this button where you can select one photo or multiple photos.
  2. Tap the photos you want to share.
  3. Tap the Sharing button.
  4. Tap the Copy Link button.  This will generate the link and copy the link to the iPad's clipboard, ready to be pasted.

Send the link to the shared photos

Open your Mail app and create a new message. In the body of the message, tap and hold, then tap Paste. This will paste the link into the message. Complete your message and then tap Send.

Receiving an email with a link to a photo

Those receiving an email with a link need only to tap the link which will open that folder via Safari if you do this on the iPad.  If you open the mail message on a computer, then the default browser will open the photo. eg; Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome.

Viewing the photo from a browser

Sharing an Album from your Dropbox account

You can only do this from your Dropbox account on a computer using your browser. Sign into your account and click the Photos Tab

  1. Select the photos you want to put in the album.
  2. Right Click anywhere on the page. You have two options: 1. Select  Add 5 to Album will create an album that you can share, or 2. Just share the photos without creating an Album. You can then create the Album and name it .


Viewing and sharing the Album

The album is then available from your Dropbox account. You can share the album, add more photos to the album, delete photos from the album, view the photos. Clicking on a photo will bring up all the options available: Set that picture as the album cover, remove it from the album, or just share that photo.

Sharing the Album

Right-Click the name of the  album and select Share Album.

Enter the email address of the recipient and click Send.

If you want to share the album to Twitter or Facebook, click the relevant icon on the top right.

Receiving an invitation to share an album

The email will include the direct link to the album stored from your Dropbox account. The recipient does not need a Dropbox account (unlike sharing folders). Clicking View Album will open the album in the browser where you can view, download and print the photos.

Other ways to share a photo from the Dropbox app

Dropbox is not the only way you can share photos from the Dropbox app. You could use the sharing button to share photos via email, messages, Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest.

  1. Make sure you are in the Photos tab of the Dropbox app.
  2. Select the photo (s) you want to share.
  3. Tap the Sharing button.
  4. Tap the app you want to share to. Eg, Tap Facebook to post the photos to your Facebook account.


Sharing a folder of photos (From a computer)

Sharing folders in Dropbox are essentially for collaboration. Anyone who gets an invite to your folder will need a Dropbox account and must sign into that account before they can view the photos. When you create a shared folder and add other people to it, its files will appear in their Dropbox just as they do in yours. Any member of the folder can add, delete, or edit files within that folder so if you only have the free Dropbox account, this may become a major issue for you.

If you have a Dropbox Pro account: As the owner of the folder, you can decide who in the folder is an editor and who is a viewer. Editors have the ability add, remove, and edit files in the folder, while viewers are only allowed to view the folder contents.

How to create a shared folder:  Create a folder inside the Camera Uploads folder in your Dropbox folder.  Right-click the folder and select: Share this Folder

How sharing a folder works in Dropbox

When you share a folder, you are given a link to the folder and then need to send that link to your selected friends. Each person to whom you provide the link must be given permissions: Either they can edit or view the folder's contents.  Dropbox shared folders let you collaborate on a set of files. When someone joins a shared folder, the folder appears inside their Dropbox, and syncs to their computers automatically.

  1. Enter the email addresses of those you wish to share the folder with.
  2. Allocate permissions (if you have the Pro account). Edit or View.
  3. Share the folder.

Receiving an invitation to a shared folder

The recipient must have a Dropbox account which involves signing up for Dropbox, verifying their email address and downloading the Dropbox software on their computer.  In the emsil, click View Folder. This will open their Dropbox account where they must Accept the invitation. They now have access to the folder and all the photos. They can edit, rename, delete, move, view, print, and share the photo on to someone else. Very powerful, and maybe not what you want to do with your photos.

The sharing options are great for collaborating on documents where multiple people work on a file; maybe not so for photos.

Viewing the shared folder from the Dropbox account in a browser

From your web browser, I'm using Safari, go to and log in to your Dropbox account.

  1. This is Lynda Barron's dropbox account.
  2. The name of the folder that Lynda has been granted sharing privileges. She cannot access any other documents in my Dropbox account
  3. Right-click on any file and these are the options Lynda can do, as I have given her Editing privileges.
  4. The names of others who have sharing privileges on this folder.

Amending the shared folder - using your browser

From the browser on your computer,  login to your Dropbox account.

  1. Select the Sharing link.
  2. Select the Options link of the folder you want to amend.
  1. You can Unshare the folder.
  2. You can change the privileges of any of the people.
  3. You can invite more people.

Explore new features in Safari iOS 8

Many of us use Safari for a browser. But there are loads of little tips and tricks that you may not know about. You’ve probably accidentally hit a few buttons and something popped up. So here is a list of new Safari tricks for iOS 8 that could help you navigate your Safari browser like a pro.

Fullscreen view

Safari for iPad also gets the new fullscreen mode, which was introduced for the iPhone in iOS 7, where the search field at the top and the toolbar at the bottom disappear when you’re browsing, and shows you the content with domain name of the website in the status bar. Just tap the screen to get back your toolbars.

New Sidebar

Safari on the iPad gets a new Sidebar that can be accessed by tapping on the bookmark button, it gives you access to your bookmarks, Reading List and Shared links from Twitter.

safari ios 8-sidebar

Tab view

The Tab view on Safari is more organised, as tabs from the same site are grouped together, and the tabs open on your other devices are nicely arranged below the tabs. You can switch to the tab view with a two or three-finger pinch gesture as you can see in the video below, which is quite cool. If you use Safari and iCloud Tabs, you can now swipe to close tabs from a different device. For example, you can close a tab open on your iPad from your iPhone.

safari ios 8_tab view

You Can Access Recently Closed Tabs Faster

Unintentionally closing a tab in Safari could be as simple as the slip of a finger. Apple now makes it easy to retrieve closed tabs in iOS 8—just hold down on the + (plus sign) and a Recently Closed Tabs page will appear.

safari ios 8_recent closed tabs

Safari in iOS 8 has a nifty new feature which makes it much easier to a) add a site to your list of favorites and b) more easily access the desktop version of a mobile site. The latter is a godsend for websites whose mobile websites are more clunky and less functional than their desktop counterparts. 

Add a webpage to the Favorites

When you're on a webpage, simply tap the URL bar once to bring up Safari's "favorites" view. Next, simply swipe downwards from anywhere below the URL bar and two new options will appear: "Add to Favorites".

safari ios 8_quick add to favorites

Request Desktop site

Most third-party browsers like Chrome have an option for users to request for the Desktop site for quite sometime. You will finally be able to request the Desktop version of the site in Safari by simply tapping on the URL of the website, swipe the screen of the Safari homepage down on the screen, then tap on Request Desktop Site. As you can see, you also have an “Add to Favorites”, which is a lot easier and faster way to add a website to Favorites. Read more here.

safar ios 8_request desktop site


Create a Separate Window for Private Browsing

Instead of switching your entire browser to private mode, iOS 8 now has its own private mode page. Tapping on Private Mode in Safari will take you to another page separate from the regular browser, where you can browse anonymously. Once you're done, you can switch back to the regular browser (where your other tabs are),  by tapping Private again with the option to either close or keep all of your private tabs.

safari ios 8_private browsing

Quickly add the current webpage to Bookmarks or Reading List

If you tap & hold the bookmarks button in the Safari toolbar, you'll be able to quickly add the current webpage to your bookmarks or Shared Links.

safari ios 8_quick add to favorites

Search popular websites instantly

Now here's a super useful thing that most people will probably never even know about. If you go into Safari's settings, there's a new "Quick Website Search" feature. Whenever you search a website (eg Amazon, ), Safari remembers that. So from then on, you can just launch a Safari search, type out "amazon" ahead of your search term, and Safari will offer to (instantly) search the website itself.

Make sure this is turned on in Settings. Open Settings, Safari, Quick Website Search - turn ON. Now you can search within a website by typing the website name as part of your search. In this example, I am searching for all instances of iCloud on the website:

safari ios 8_search web site

Are you new to your iPad? This video explores the features of the Safari mobile web browser on an iPad using iOS 8. It also explains how to change Safari's settings to get particular functions to work. Learn how to work with windows, tabs, cached items when you don't have wifi, and even private browsing.

Configure the Notification Centre in iOS 9 with Widgets

Configure the Notification Centre in iOS 9

Among iOS 8's many new features are some good ways to let you interact with your apps without actually having to open them. Interactive notifications are one example, and another is the brand-new widgets available in Notification Centre. Getting started takes a little bit of setup, but once you have that done you will be relying less on your grid of icons and swiping right into your favourite widget for quickly accessing what you need. There are already several great widgets, so be sure to keep your apps updated so you'll have access to widgets as developers roll them out. 

Add some widgets

Instead of implementing widgets on the home screen, Apple opted to place widgets in Notification Centre under the "Today" tab. Doing so keeps widgets out of the way, free from cluttering your home screen, yet makes them available with a quick gesture.  You just pull down Notification Centre from the lock screen (if enabled), home screen, or from within any app, and if you're not already in the Today view, you simply tap the Today tab at the top. A few of Apple's own selections are already in place including Today Summary, Traffic Conditions, Calendar, Reminders, Stocks, and Tomorrow Summary.

What's new is what's at the bottom: an Edit button and a notification area that tells you how many new third-party widgets are available to you. Tap the Edit button and you can enable or disable any of the built-in widgets and reorder them any way you like. Tap the New Widget notification and you can add any new, custom widget that has become available.

Tap the Green + button to add the widget, tap the Red - button to delete a widget.

Tap the Green + button to add the widget, tap the Red - button to delete a widget.

My widgets at the moment. I removed the annoying Apple widgets and replaced them with the Readdle Calendar 5 widget and PCalc Lite.

My widgets at the moment. I removed the annoying Apple widgets and replaced them with the Readdle Calendar 5 widget and PCalc Lite.

Widgets are interactive

Like the new notification system, the new widget system in iOS 8 is interactive. So, not only can the widgets provide you with snippets of information, they can also allow you to perform minor tasks as well. For example, an auction widget can show you the items you've last bid on and whether or not you're currently being outbid, but also allow you to up your bid right there in the widget and retake the lead. A social widget can let you glimpse a few entries in your timeline and Like or Repost right from the widget.

New widgets

New widgets become available when you install an app from the App Store. If the app includes a widget, the widget notification area will tell you about it. Tap the widget you want added, and it's added. Once added, you can order App Store widgets just like the built-in widgets, and remove them if and when you decide you no longer want or need them.

For example, if you download a sports news network app, it could include a widget that presents you with up-to-date scores of the two most recent games in any league you choose to follow, as well as a headline or two of breaking news. Or, if you download a social networking app, it could include a couple status entries, and maybe a Show More option to see even more entries. A package tracker app's widget could keep you up-to-date on all your deliveries. Breaking news, latest weather — all of those, and more, could provide glance-able widgets right in the Notification Center Today view.

Here's an example: Wdgts

Wdgts is a set of beautiful and incredibly useful widgets tailor made for iOS 8. This version includes the following 8 widgets:

  1. Calculator
  2. Currency Converter
  3. Time Zone
  4. 4. Calendar
  5.  Photo Frame
  6. Network Monitor (part of Premium Pack)
  7. Battery (part of Premium Pack)
  8. Memory & DIsk (part of Premium Pack)

The  Premium Pack includes the following additional features: (0.99)

  • Ability to copy and paste result from Calculator and Currency Converter
  • Add up to 5 times zones
  • Add up to 10 photos to phone frame
  • Ability to scroll between months in calendar

What widgets are available?

Here are some links to widgets that are available at the moment. However, as developers create more widgets, this list will quickly become out of date. Get into the habit of checking in the Notification Centre to see what new widgets are available each time you download new apps. Do a Google search: widgets available for iOS 8 to get a large list of possible widgets.

How to reclaim storage space on your iPad

How to remove " Other" data stored on an iPad or iPhone 

If you’re running low on storage space on your iPhone or iPad, you may think you just have too many apps installed, or that your music collection is getting out of hand. But that may not be the case entirely. Instead, there might be a heap of hidden files that are taking up space on your iOS device. They’re not as easy to get rid of like apps are, but there are ways to free up this space.

When you plug in your iOS device to your computer and open up iTunes you can see what exactly is taking up space on your iPhone or iPad. You can also see the different categories the used memory is under, such as Apps, Games, Music, Movies, TV Shows and a mysterious category known as “Other.”

other on itunes

For some users, there’s over 10GB of storage that’s used up by this category, while for other users, it may be only a gigabyte or two. Either way, it’d be nice to know what these files are.

Luckily, we do know what type of files are stored in the “Other” category. Mainly, any file that doesn’t fit into the other categories goes into “Other.” Basically, it consists of data on your iOS device that isn’t apps, photos, music or videos.

  •   Safari bookmarks and history
  •  Text messages (including multimedia attachments such as photos)
  •  Email messages (including file attachments)
  •  Calendar entries
  • Notes
  •  Contact photos
  • Camera roll
  • Siri cache
  •  App data such as saved games and histories
  • Voice memos is in “Other?”
  •  Reduce email retention time
  • Cached data for all of the apps. 


Checking your “Other” space on an iPad or iPhone

Though there is no direct way to see “Other” space in iOS, you can get a rough idea by taking a peak at general space usage stats.

Open Settings, go to General, then go to Usage, then Manage Usage.

ipad usage

Every App which has data will be listed here. For example, a game which stores all the game plays and backups, a video app which stores videos synced across from iTunes, a magazine app which stores issues of the magazine. Examine each of the apps to determine where you can delete some of the data.  An App on its own may not take up that much storage space on your iPhone or iPad. Apps are usually fairly small, but with continuous usage some of them will expand to fairly large sizes due to local caches, saved games, components, and whatever else they decide to keep around.

Many apps have data which can be deleted to free up "Other"

Many apps have data which can be deleted to free up "Other"

Here's an example. The CineXPlayer holds 1.5 Gb of data. You’ll notice that the app itself is actually quite small - 37.1 mb whereas the data stored is 1.5 Gb The extra data here is what goes into your “Other” data. When you tap and open that entry, you only have one option: to Delete the app. Certainly, this will delete the data but also the app. To delete the 1.5 Gb requires going back to iTunes and deleting the videos from there and re-syncing.

Delete and Reinstall Apps with Bloated Data

However, other apps may need to be deleted and then reinstalled. Keep in mind that deleting apps and reinstalling them this way may cause you to lose local data, be it saved games, saved app caches, and certain app specific data and files, so you wouldn’t want to do this with apps that have locally stored data that is important to you.

Delete the Browser cache

If you’ve had your device for a long time and have never emptied the browser cache then there is a good chance that this will delete a large portion of the “Other” space. You can delete this cache by going to Settings -> Safari and tapping the Clear History and Website Data button. This may also result in a speed boost on your device if you have never deleted your browser cache before. This delete 1.5 Gb from my iPad.

Delete Safari browser cache - history, website data and cookies

Delete Safari browser cache - history, website data and cookies

Delete Mail Account and Re-Add

Deleting your Mail cache will delete the cache of all the media and documents viewed and downloaded in the Mail app. If you go back into Mail after emptying its cache you’ll have to re-download the media or document to view it again. All your mail is stored online so deleting your mail account won’t permanently delete everything, it’s all still there, you just need to re-add your account after removing it.

To delete your mail account, go to Settings -> Mail, Contact, Calendars -> Tap on the Mail account you want to delete -> Scroll to the bottom and click the “Delete Account” button. To add your account back, go to Setting -> Mail, Contact, Calendars -> tap “Add Account…”.

Delete Text Messages

You know where all of those pictures and videos you send / receive through text messages and iMessages are stored? It’s all stored in the “Other” category. The Messages app on your iOS device stores all of the text messages including any media files that were sent or received, dating back to the first text.

You can either delete the media one by one, or by deleting a whole conversation at once. Not everyone may want to delete the media in the messages, for those people, you should first copy the pictures / videos to your camera roll, then delete them. Plug your iOS device into iTunes after you’re done and you should see some of the “Other” storage space emptied out.

Empty out the Reading List

The Reading list in Safari is used to save website pages to the Safari cache. Since it actually saves the page to the device, every site page added takes up space because it stores it in the “Other” category. If you go to your device summary page in iTunes on your computer and view the “Other” section while removing sites from the Reading list, you can actually see the space slowly being emptied.

To remove items from the Reading List, open Safari on your iOS device -> tap the bookmarks button -> and then tap the Reading List button.

reading list in safari

Delete iTunes Backups

If you take this route, it may help to delete the browser cache as well as the Mail account as instructed above. To delete your iTunes backups, open iTunes, click iTunes in the Menu bar -> Preferences -> Devices tab -> then delete all the backups. Restart your device, close iTunes and then re-open iTunes. After deleting all the backups, make a new backup in iTunes and check to see if the other space has reduced.

Reset your iPad

What this does is wipes off all the temporary files, cache, cookies and stuff like album art which steals – a little bite at a time – large amounts of free space. This clears things a lot but not everything will be gone. There’ll still be some (or occasionally, a lot of) “Other” data.

You should also occasionally clear things from apps that store a lot of data. Most of the apps themselves have the lever to delete the data. Where it isn’t possible, you’re going to have to resort to erasing data.

Music can be one of the major causes too if you’ve not a lot of apps that store a ton of data. This means we’re looking at playlists, preferences, cache, art, lyrics data etc. To remove this, you’ll have to remove all music data and the re-sync from your iTunes.


Step 1: Take a backup of all data, preferably via iTunes instead of iCloud but if you’re happy with iCloud, you’re most welcome to backup on iCloud.

Step 2: Now, make sure – double or triple check you’ve got all your stuff backed up.

Step 3: Reset your iPad: Settings -> General -> Reset -> Erase All Content and Settings

Step 4: Connect your iPhone to iTunes and restore from backup.

erase your ipad

Take Control of your Privacy Settings

Monitor your Privacy on your iPad

privacy on ipad

Keep control of your privacy by monitoring what actions your iPad can and cannot perform. There’re many ways to control the privacy of your data. Apple now allows users to control which apps have access to what kind of data on their tablets, giving you a new level of safety, and peace of mind for all those times you’re not exactly sure weather an app is using information or not. If you blindly say “Yes” or “No” when an app requests for access to information, it may be a good idea to review the privacy settings every month and optimise the settings based on your usage.

You can find Privacy in the Settings App.  Settings, Privacy.  The Privacy settings are broken down into the following sections: Location Services, Contacts, Calendars, Reminders, Photos, Bluetooth Sharing, Twitter and Facebook. Navigating to each section gives you the list of apps that have requested access to Contacts, Calendars, Reminders and Photos on your iOS device. You can enable or disable access via the On/Off toggle.

ipad privacy settings 1

1.  Location Services:  This uses GPS along with crowd sourced WiFi hotspots and mobile phone towers to determine your approximate location. Many apps use your location to function and work efficiently. For example, if you deny access to your location for the App, Google Maps, it can never locate you and give you accurate destinations or traffic information. Pressing the home button will take you to somewhere in America. Be sensible about which apps to which you deny permission. If you turn off Location Services, most of your apps will be next to useless. Look at the list of apps you have granted permission to use your location and think, very carefully, about whether you turn them off.

The app, Dictation and Epson iPrint have been denied permission to use your location. you can always grant permission at a later date. Just slide the button to ON>

The app, Dictation and Epson iPrint have been denied permission to use your location. you can always grant permission at a later date. Just slide the button to ON>


2.  Permission for Apps to access your location: Here, you can grant permission to apps that want access to your Camera roll, the microphone, Contacts etc. Tap Photos to see what apps have access to your Camera roll. So for example, the App: Pixlr Express needs access to your Camera roll to use the photos in it. If you want to edit a photo from your Camera Roll in Pixlr Express, then  you need to grant permission to use the Camera roll. Denying permission to some apps makes sense. Why does the Epson printer require access to Photos? Think about it.... If you want to print a photo from your iPad via the Epson app, then the Epson app will need access to your Camera Roll. But other apps do not.

However, remember that location data can also be used in ways you might not expect. For example, the Camera app can use it to tag photos and videos with their exact location (known as geotagging). If you then post a photo publicly online, you're also sharing the location data for that photo. While it can be useful, you may not feel comfortable sharing your location data in all of these situations. Fortunately, you can turn off Location Services for individual apps or for all of your apps. 

Grant access by sliding the toggle button to ON

Grant access by sliding the toggle button to ON

3.  Allow apps permission to access your social accounts: If you want to share a photo to your Facebook account, for example, then you need to grant that App access to your Facebook account.

Location Services icons

At the bottom of the apps granted permission to use you location, you'll see the System Services setting and the explanation of what that the little arrow icons mean.

ipad privacy settings 4

This section will display the list of apps that have requested your location. You can also find out which app has used location services recently or in the last 24 hours with the help of the location services icon.

  • A purple location services icon will appear next to an item that has recently used location services.
  • A gray location services icon will appear next to an item that has used your location within the last 24 hours.
  • An outlined location services icon will appear next to an item that is using a geofence (like the Reminders app).

Learn this screen and understand the meanings of the three little arrow icons. Then notice when they appear in the top right of your iOS menu bar and come back to Settings > Privacy > Location Services to see which apps are using your location data. Audit this screen frequently to disable location access for apps that don't need it. 


System Services Settings

Under Location services, you also have the option to enable or disable location services for System services such as Cell Network Search, Compass Calibration, Diagnostics & Usage, Genius for Apps etc. It may be prudent to disable Location services  (Settings -> Privacy -> Location Services) for apps and system services, which you think can be used without tracking your location to conserve battery life.

I recommend turning off: Location based iAds and Diagnostics and Usage. Turn on: Status Bar Icon and you will see anytime an app is using your location.

I recommend turning off: Location based iAds and Diagnostics and Usage.

Turn on: Status Bar Icon and you will see anytime an app is using your location.

Diagnostics & Usage

This setting monitors everything you do on your iPad and "anonymously" sends it to Apple for "improving iOS." Whatever. It's just like when all the major software companies changed their install screens from "send usage data?" to "customer experience program" or some such nonsense. If you leave the "Diagnostics & Usage" option on, you're giving Apple permission to monitor and record everything you do on your device.

Location-Based iAds

iAds created it's own privacy uproar in June 2010 when a 45-page update to Apple’s privacy policy which detailed how your location information could be used to allow the company – and their "partners and licensees" – to "collect, use, and share precise location data, including the real-time geographic location of your Apple computer or device." The privacy policy has been toned down quite a bit since then and Apple posted a knowledge base article titled "How to opt out of interest-based ads from the iAd network." I turn this off and am happy with "less relevant" ads being shown.


Next navigate to the iOS Advertising Privacy settings (Settings > Privacy > Advertising)

Here, you should do three things:

  1. Turn ON "Limit Ad Tracking"
  2.  Touch "Reset Advertising Identifier"  
  3. Touch "Learn More" and learn about what an "Advertising Identifier" is.
ipad privacy settings 6

 Apple has introduced a new advertising identifier, a non-permanent, non-personal device identifier that Apple says can be used by apps to give you more control over advertisers ability to use tracking methods. It’s an alternative for UDID. Apple had depreciated the ability of third party developers and ad networks to obtain the UUID (universally unique device identifiers), which was used to perform sophisticated tracking of devices (web cookies, unlike UUIDs, can’t track a specific computer, and can be deleted by the user). You can now choose to limit ad tracking  which will prevent apps from using the new advertising identifier to serve you targeted ads.

Keep control of your privacy by monitoring what actions your iPad can and cannot perform. This video shows you the ways to control the privacy of your data.

Help ... My iPad is Disabled

How to fix a disabled iPad

Question: My iPhone / iPad or iPod Touch is showing a red bar on its home screen that says it's disabled. What's going on, and how do I fix it?

Have you ever picked up your iPad, only to discover it has been disabled by your curious children who entered the password too many times? Or maybe you've done it yourself when you've forgotten the passcode you created a month ago?

This situation can occur on all iOS devices--iPhones, iPads, iPod touches--and comes in a few different forms. Sometimes you'll get just the plain "This iPod is Disabled" message, or one that says that and adds that you should retry it in a minute. Occasionally, you'll even get a message that says the iPhone or iPod is disabled for 22 million minutes and to try back later.

Whichever of those messages you're getting, the cause is the same: An iPad or iPhone gets disabled when someone has entered in an incorrect passcode too many times. The problem with a disabled device is that you can't type in the password anymore, even if you suddenly remember it. You either have to wait a certain amount of time or connect the iPhone, iPad or iPod touch to iTunes, if it has been permanently disabled.


What is a passcode?

The passcode is a security measure that you can turn on in the iOS to require people to enter a password in order to use the device. If an incorrect passcode is entered 6 consecutive times, the iPad will lock itself and prevent you from entering any new passcode attempts. If you're seeing the message, that means someone--maybe you, but maybe not (which is potentially a warning sign)--has entered the wrong passcode at least 6 times.

Set the Passcode in Settings

Set the Passcode in Settings

So, how do you fix this?

Restore using iTunes and a previous backup

The first step you should try is to restore the device from backup. To do that, connect your iOS device to the computer you sync it to and, in iTunes, click the Restore button. If iTunes offers to backup your device, then do that first. Follow the onscreen instructions and in a few minutes your device should be usable again. You can then Restore it from your backup.

Find my iPhone using iCloud

But what if you don't have access to a computer right now? Or you have never synced your iPad to iTunes? You can use Find my iPhone.

  1. If there's another iOS device handy and you have iCloud enabled on your device that's disabled, you've got an option. Download the Find My iPhone app (opens in iTunes) to the second iOS device and log in with your iCloud username and password.
  2. You can also perform a remote erase by logging in to your iCloud account at You can use any browser and any computer that has an internet connection. Once you've logged into your account, you will see the Find my iPhone app.

Use Find My iPhone to locate your device and then perform a Remote Wipe of it. This will delete all of the data on your device, so only do it if you've got all your data backed up, but it will also reset it so you can access it again. If you've been backing up your data to iCloud, then you can restore from that.


Recovery Mode

If none of those suggestions work, here’s how to put your iPad into recovery mode.

Note: Recovery Mode will completely erase your iPad. This is OK if you have an iCloud backup or iTunes backup with which you can restore it. If you haven't got a backup, then you'll have a brand new (empty) device - ready to setup from scratch. Don’t worry about your purchases. Apple knows what you’ve bought and you’ll be able to get your apps and music back.

First, make sure iTunes is up to date on your laptop, PC or Mac. Then, connect a USB cable to your computer, but don’t plug it into your iPad or iPhone just yet.

  • Power off your iPhone or iPad by holding the sleep/wake button until the red bar appears: swipe to the right to shut down your device. Wait until the spinning wheel has gone and then hold the home button down.
  • Connect the USB cable and continue to hold the home button.
  • You will see the Apple logo appear, and this will change to the recovery graphic:
  • You can now release the home button.  iTunes will launch automatically inform you that your device is in recovery mode and that you need to restore the device. Once it has been restored, you can use iTunes to restore a previously saved backup to your device.

Here's how to get your iPhone in and out of Recovery Mode - Simple steps

Lessen the pain in the future

There is a phrase that repeats over and over in the instructions. I’m sure you noticed. It’s “restore from backup”. Yes, another subtle suggestion that you need to make sure you back up your device  frequently. There are two ways to backup your device: iCloud and local. I’ll show you both options as well as the pros and cons of both.

It’s important to note that you can only pick one of the options: iCloud or local.

Back up through iTunes/Local backup

This is the simplest (and fastest) way to backup your device. When you connect your device to iTunes, on the main info screen scroll to the Backups section and click the radio button to Automatically backup to This Computer

Also note the WiFi sync option. If this is turned on then your device will sync (and backup) to iTunes when:

  • iTunes is running on your host machine
  • The device is plugged in and charged/charging
  • It is connected to WiFi on the same network as the host computer
  • Important notes about this: If you forget to leave iTunes open, then it doesn’t sync or backup and it can be really, really slow

iCloud Backup

If you don’t have a computer you can regularly backup to, then iCloud is your only choice. It’s also a “set and forget” option because iCloud backups are supposed to be automatically run while your device is charging. Apple gives everyone with an iCloud account 5 GB of storage for free. Now, this doesn’t go too far, but it’s enough for the core stuff and a few extras. You can turn on iCloud backups through iTunes or through the iCloud section of  the Settings app.

Troubleshooting WiFi on your iPad

16 ways to troubleshoot WiFi on the iPad

 To make the most of your iPad, you need WiFi.  Here are 16 ways you can troubleshoot your iPad's WiFi connection and stay online.



1.  Is your router turned on or is the connection running?

Check your router and ensure that WiFi is actually turned on. Many modern routers have a switch or button that allows you to enable and disable the WiFi connection. Can you connect to the internet using a web browser and your computer? If you can, then your iPad has the problem.

 2.  Make sure the WiFi network is running

Even though you may be able to connect to the internet, Before we spend too much time troubleshooting why your iPad is having a problem, let's make sure it is actually the device with the problem. Use your laptop, desktop or smartphone to connect to the Internet and verify the router is working. It's preferable to connect wirelessly to verify the WiFi is working, but if you don't have another wireless device, using your desktop will be fine.

 3.  Check your password

It isn’t difficult to incorrectly type a password, especially if it is a difficult combination of letters, numbers and special characters. Ensure that you are typing in the correct password and you may just find that it is the solution you are looking for. Some passwords can be quite long and complicated and it is easy to mistake an "8" for a "B" or a "0" for an "O".

 4.  Check your distance from the router

In order to successfully establish a connection and utilize it, you must be within range of the router. The required range for a WiFi connection varies across different routers, however the standard range is between 150 to 300 feet based on whether you are indoors or outdoors. If you are too far away, the WiFi signal strength may not be strong enough for your iPad to connect to WiFi.

5. Public (Free) WiFi network

If you are connecting through a public WiFi Hotspot such as at a coffee shop or cafe, you may need to agree to terms before you can access apps that use the network connection. If you go into the Safari browser and attempt to open a page, these types of networks will often send you to a special page where you can verify the contract. Even after you okay the contract and get on the Internet, you may not have access to all of your apps.

If you are unable to access the internet while connected to WiFi, you may need to log in or subscribe.

Check to see if you have a self-assigned IP address: Tap Settings > Wi-Fi and locate the Wi-Fi network to which you're connected and tap the < i  >. If your IP address is, you may not be able to access the Internet. Reset network settings on your device by tapping Settings > General > Reset > Reset Network Settings. Note: This will reset all network settings including: previously connected Wi-Fi networks and passwords recently used, Bluetooth accessories, VPN and APN settings


6.  Is your iPad WiFi turned ON?

If you are connecting to your home network, go into the iPad settings and make sure everything is set up okay. Once you tap on the Settings icon on your iPad, the first setting you want to check is that WiFi Mode is turned ON and Airplane Mode is OFF. If Airplane Mode is on, you won't be able to connect to the Internet.

7.  Ask to Join Networks is On 

If you aren't being prompted to join the network, it may be that Ask to Join Networks is Off. The easiest solution is to turn this setting on, though you can also input the information manually by choosing "Other..." from the network list.


8.  Unable to locate a WiFi Network

Verify that the network is available by tapping Settings > Wi-Fi and choosing from the available networks. Note: It may take a few seconds for the Wi-Fi network name to appear. If you do not see the network you would like to join, you may be attempting to connect to a hidden network. By default, most WiFi networks are either public or private. But a WiFi network can be closed or hidden, which means it won't broadcast the name of the network to your iPad. Tap Other and enter the required network settings.

 9.  Reset the iPad’s WiFi connection

You can reset the iPad’s WiFi connection by simply going to Settings > Wi-Fi and sliding the button to OFF, waiting for a few seconds, and switching to ON again. All of the WiFi settings will disappear. Next, simply turn it back on again. This will force the iPad to search for the WiFi network again and rejoin.


10. Renew the lease

An iPad saves, or ‘leases’ in this case, the IP address of a network for a certain period of time and sometimes this can cause problems. The IP address fortunately can be quickly renewed by clicking the Renew lease button within the networks settings. In Settings, WiFi, tap the connected network) It will have a checkmark to indicate it is the active network) and then tap: Renew Lease.


11. Restart your iPad

It is not unusual for technology to become unresponsive (‘to hang’), so restarting the tablet could help reset the internal modem.  This basic troubleshooting step can cure all types of problems and should always be done before you actually start changing settings.

Steps on how to restart an iPad:

  1. Press and hold the Sleep / Wake button for about 3 seconds until a red slider appears on your screen.
  2. Swipe the slider to the right, confirming that you would like to restart.
  3. After your iPad has completely turned off, press and hold your power button again, waiting until the Apple logo appears on screen.
  4. Once your iPad has restarted you can attempt to connect to your WiFi service again.



12. Restart your router

If you are still unable to establish a connection it is time to restart your internet router. It is quite possible that the router is failing to transmit a connection over the 2.4Ghz or 5Ghz frequency block. Restarting a router is a simple matter of turning it off for a few seconds and then powering it back on. Most routers have an on/off switch in the back or turn it off at the power point.

After restarting your router allow it to sit for 1 – 2 minutes before attempting to establish a connection again, this will allow it enough time to restart the WiFi service.  If you have another device handy that connects to the network, such as your laptop or smartphone, test the connection on this device before checking to see if it solved the problem for your iPad.

 Note: Make sure no one else is currently on the Internet. Restarting the router will also kick people off the Internet even if they have a wired connection.


13. Forget network

If you are still having problems, it is time to actually start changing some settings. This mostly has to do with telling the iPad to forget what it knows about connecting to the Internet and giving the iPad a fresh start. You can do this by going to Settings, then Wi- Fi.  Once you are on the WiFi Networks screen, you will want to get into the settings for your individual network by touching the blue circle beside the network name. The button has a "i" symbol in the middle. Tap “Forget Network

 Then your iPad will Forget the network and reconnect to it with fresh settings. You can reconnect by choosing your network from the list. If you are connecting to a private network, you will need the password to reconnect.


14. Reset network settings

It also might be a good idea to reset all network settings. It may sound extreme to some, but all that would happen is that all Network information would be cleared off your iPad. Please note that all saved Wi-Fi passwords will be lost!

Steps on how to reset the network settings on your iPad:

  1. Go to Settings
  2. Click on General Settings
  3. Then go to Reset
  4. Click on Reset Network Settings


15. Is your iPad up to date?

Another common issue that can cause problems is allowing the operating system or firmware on your device to become out of date. Apple regularly releases both small and large updates, all of which are targeted at enhancing your device or rectifying known bugs and software problems. Checking to see if your iPad requires an update is easy and it is even easier to upgrade it if an update is available.

In Settings, General, Software Update, you can check if your iPad is up to date.

 You can also use iTunes to check for a software update.

  • Firstly, plug your iPad into your computer and start up iTunes, this may take a few moments depending on the speed of your computer.
  • Now navigate to the “Device” section on iTunes and select your device.
  • Once iTunes has loaded the Device Dashboard screen click on “Check for updates”.


If an update is available iTunes will provide you with a notice, allowing you to download and then install the update on your device. Once this has been completed restart your iPad and attempt to establish a WiFi connection again, which should now be fixed.


16. Restore the iPad to Factory Default

This will erase all settings and data on the iPad and put it in a "like new" status.

You'll want to make sure you sync the iPad before performing this step so that you back up all of your data. Connect your iPad with your computer using the Lightning cable and sync it through iTunes.

 The first step to reset your iPad is to go into the iPad's settings. Choose the General settings and scroll down the page until you see "Reset". This is the last option in the general settings.

Your options here:

Reset All Settings. This will leave the data (music, movies, contacts, etc.) but reset the preferences.

Erase All Content and Settings. This protects you by making sure all data is off the iPad, which includes information for your iTunes account. If you are selling the iPad on eBay, or giving it to a friend or family member who will be using a different iTunes account, choose to erase all content and settings.

 After confirming your choice, the process of erasing the data on your iPad begins. The entire process takes a couple of minutes, and during the process, the Apple logo will appear in the middle of the screen. Once it is done, a graphic asking to be plugged into iTunes will appear.

At this point, the data on the iPad is erased and the iPad is at the factory default. At this point, you can enter your wireless network settings again.


If your Wifi is giving you problems, this video will show you 16 ways to troubleshoot WiFi connections on an iPad.


How to use Google Calendar with your iPad

Sync Google Calendar to your iPad

google calendar

If you're using an Android device then your Contacts, Calendar and mail will likely be with Google - GMAIL, Google Calendar and Google Contacts. However, Apple's iPad Calendar app does  not talk to Google's apps.  However, there is a way to use your Google Calendar information on your iPad and keep  that information synchronised.


Sync your Google Calendar

If you use Google Contacts, you can still use them on your iPad. This involves turning on a simple setting in the mail settings. Each time you change or add a Contact,  the information will be synchronised between your iPad and your Google Contacts. 

  1. Open the Settings application on your iPad's home screen.
  2. Open Mail, Contacts, Calendars.
  3. Select Add Account...
  4. Select Gmail.
  5. Enter your account information:
add gmail account to ipad
  • In the Name field, enter your name as you'd like it to appear to others.
  • In the Email field, enter your full Google Account or Google Apps email address.
  • In the Password field, enter your Google Account or Google Apps password.
  • If you are a 2-step verification user, please use an application-specific password instead of your regular password in this field.
  • In the Description field, enter a description of the calendar (e.g. "Personal Calendar").
  • Select Next at the top of your screen.
  • Make sure the Calendars option is turned on.

After you've completed setup, open the Calendar app on your device. Syncing will automatically begin.

Turn ON Calendar in your Google account

Turn ON Calendar in your Google account

Setting your Default Calendar

If you have multiple calendars, select the Google calendar you want to use for syncing.

calendar default account

Open the iPad Calendar App

Tap the Calendars button at the bottom middle of the screen to show your available calendar accounts. Tap your Gmail calendar to show or hide it. Tap Done.


By default, only your primary calendar will be synced with your device. If you have additional calendars you’d like to sync, follow the instructions below.

Sync multiple calendars

Visit the following page from your device's mobile browser:

  • Select the calendars you'd like to sync, then click Save.
  • The selected calendars will be displayed on your device at the time of the next sync.

This video looks at how to sync your Google calendar to your iPad and use the Calendar app. If you use Google Calendar, you can still use them in the iPad Calendar app and sync everything. The video also covers how to setup a Google account in Mail on the iPad if you have 2 step verification turned on.
This video looks at how to use the Google Calendar. It includes adding events, repeating events, sharing calendars, multiple calendars, adding interesting calendars like weather, sports teams, notifications and changing the settings of calendars How to sync google Calendar to your iPad.

How to setup Google 2 Step Authentication

How to setup Google 2 Step Verification


Passwords, unfortunately, aren't as secure as they used to be, and if someone gets your password, they can access your account without any problem. Even having a strong password doesn't completely protect you. Two-factor authentication is one of the best things you can do to make sure your accounts don't get hacked.  

Google is an important to service in which to turn on two factor authentication as many Google services all  use it: Gmail, Youtube, Google Maps, Google+   2-Step Verification adds an extra layer of security to your Google Account, drastically reducing the chances of having the personal information in your account stolen. To break into an account with 2-Step Verification, bad guys would not only have to know your username and password, they'd also have to get a hold of your phone.

How to Setup Google 2 Step Authentication

Sign into your Gmail Account

Sign into your Gmail Account


Login to your Gmail account and visit Gmail's 2-step verification settings page
Click Start Setup.

Setup your phone

Setup your phone

Each time you login to a Google service from a new computer, you will be prompted for a 6 digit code. This code is generall sent as an SMS text message on your mobile phone. However, it could also be provided by google ringing your home phone, a generated text code or the mobile google authenticator app.

Your mobile phone is the easiest as you usually have that with you.
1. So the first step is to setup your phone. Enter your mobile phone number.
2. Use the dropdown box to select your country.
3. Select Voice Call or Text Message.
4. Click: Send Code

Verify your phone

Verify your phone

Enter the code sent to your phone and then click Verify. If you didn't get the code, click the message: " Didn't get the code?" for a voice call.

Trust this computer

Trust this computer

Click Next.

Turn on 2 Step Verification

Turn on 2 Step Verification

Click Confirm.

Reconnect your apps

Reconnect your apps

Click Reconnect my apps.

You will immediately be taken to screen informing you that 2-step verification has been activated and provide you with further options. The first one is to enter a backup phone number (very good idea) and the second to is get a list of printable codes (I actually store these as a secure note in Dropbox). If you don't, you can get to this section via this link.


In the Verification Codes tab:
1. You can edit / check the mobile phone number. If you want to verify your sites using the Google authrenticator app, select: "Get codes via our mobile app instead.

2. Add a backup number if your mobile phone is unavailable. If you have a fixed home number, enter that, or a second mobile number.

3. Download or print Backup codes. If neither of your phones are available, you can use these codes to verify yourself. Print them and keep them in your wallet or in a Drop box account. Well worth doing this.

4. Click the tab: App-Specific Passwords

Signing in to applications that access your Google Account

Signing in to applications that access your Google Account

Some applications that access your Google Account (such as Gmail on your phone or Outlook) cannot ask for verification codes. To use these applications, you will not use verification codes. Instead, you'll enter an application-specific password in place of your normal password. Common applications and devices that require an application-specific password include:

  • POP and IMAP email clients such as Outlook, Mail and Thunderbird
  • Gmail and Google Calendar on smartphones
  • YouTube Mobile
  • Installed chat clients such as Google Talk
  • Picasa, Sketchup, and installed applications

Most of the time, you will only have to enter an application-specific password once per application or device

Click: Manage application-specific passwords. You may have to reenter your Google password.

Add an app-specific password for Mail

Add an app-specific password for Mail

You need to select a new password for every application. Eg an app-specific password for Mail on the iPad, Mail on the MAC, Youtube on my phone, mail on my smartphone, calendar on the ipad etc
1. Select the application from the drop down box.
2. Select the Device from the drop down box.
3. Click Generate.

How to use the password

How to use the password

Follow the instructions in the box above and then click Done.


Add your account details and in the password box, enter the app-specific password. Click Next and your mail account will be setup on the iPad.

Add a new application

Add a new application

Add a new app-specific password for each new application. You can always revoke the password if you uninstall the app.

Generate new app-specific passwords for existing Google apps

Generate new app-specific passwords for existing Google apps

When you turn on 2 step verification, your existing Google passwords will not work. Eg, if you have a Picasa account, you will need to generate an app-specfic password, or an Apple Mail account on a laptop or computer. It will no longer work until you re-enter your app-specfic password. Although this can be anooying at first, remember that it is protecting your identity and you only have to do this once.

When you create a Google account and you need a password, if your usual Google password is rejected, then you need to create an app-specific password.

This is the process to re-verify Picasa web albums: Soon after you turn on 2-step verification, you'll be alerted that your password is no longer working (see image below). Enter the username of your account in the username field (label 1) and an application-specific password that you generated in the "Password" field (label 2). If you want Picasa to remember your information so that you do not have to sign in again, check the box next to "Remember me on this computer" (label 3). We recommend you don't check this box if you're using a shared computer.

This video looks at how to setup Google 2 Step Verification. Adding a second layer of security to your Google account is quick and easy. Google provides a large number of online services and these services. Due to the popularity of the Google services, chances of cyber attack are very likely.
This video looks at how to setup Google Two-Step verification using the Google Authenticator App. Instead of using text messages or a voice call to verify your devices, you can use the Authenticator app on a mobile device -- phone or tablet.
This video looks at how to create and manage app-specific passwords with Google 2 Step Verification. If you enabled 2 step verification, you cannot access apps like mail and GMAIL on your smart phone, tablet, iPad, iPhone, MAC using your normal Google password. You have to enable an app-specific password.

How to use Google Contacts with your iPad

Sync Google  Contacts to the iPad

If you're using an Android device then your Contacts, Calendar and mail will likely be with Google - GMAIL, Google Calendar and Google Contacts. However, Apple's iPad Calendar and Contacts apps do  not talk to Google's apps.  However, there is a way to use your Google Calendar and Contacts information on your iPad and keep  that information synchronised.

Sync your Google Contacts

If you use Google Contacts, you can still use them on your iPad. This involves turning on a simple setting in the mail settings. Each time you change or add a Contact,  the information will be synchronised between your iPad and your Google Contacts. 

Setup the iPad Contacts Settings

You need to create an account for your Google account on the iPad. Generally, you have a GMAIL account. Adding this account to your iPad will allow you to receive your Gmail, sync your Contacts, Calendar and Google Notes.

1.     Open the Settings app on your iPad.

2.     Select Mail, Contacts, Calendars.

3.     Select Add Account.

4.     Select Google.

Add your GMAIL account settings

Add your GMAIL account settings

5.     Fill out your account information in the following fields:

  • Name: Enter your name
  • User Name: Enter your full Google Account email address. eg
  • Password: Your Google Account password. (If you’ve enabled 2 Step verification, you’ll need to generate and enter an application specific password.)
  • Description: Enter a description of the account (e.g. Personal Contacts).

6.  Select Next at the top of your screen.

7.   Make sure that the "Contacts" option is turned ON. The switch should be green.

8.     Select Save at the top of your screen.

After you've completed setup, open the Contacts app on your device, and syncing will automatically begin. It takes a few seconds.

Turn Contacts ON

Turn Contacts ON

Set Google Contacts as your default account on your iOS device

If you have set up iCloud,  and syncing contacts from Google, or already have contacts stored on the device, you will need to select a Default Account. If you don't do this, any new contacts you add directly into your iPad will not appear in your Google Contacts.

Set your default account

  1. Open the Settings app on your device.
  2. Select Mail, Contacts, Calendars and scroll down to the Contacts section. You will only see the Default Account option if you're syncing more than one account. 
  3. Select Default Account.
  4. Select your Google contacts account. 
  5. Your account will be labelled with the description you gave it in the Description field.
Tap: Default Account and select your preferred account. In this case, it's Gmail.

Tap: Default Account and select your preferred account. In this case, it's Gmail.

Any change to a contact made on either the iPad or in Google Contacts will immediately be reflected in each device.


New and existing contacts on the iPad

New contacts created directly on your iOS device (iPad) will be added to your default account.

Add New Contacts into Google Contacts

Add New Contacts into Google Contacts

Any existing contacts on the iPad should be imported into Google Contacts.  If your contacts are stored on an Apple computer, you can transfer your contacts using vCard files. If your contacts are stored with another provider, first export your contacts and then import your contacts into Gmail.

You can also manually add a contact from your Google Contacts page.




iCloud Contacts

** If you use Google contacts on your iPad, iCloud will no longer keep your contact information synchronised. Any existing contacts  will remain in iCloud but no changes will occur. If you want to use iCloud for your Contacts, then you need to use the iPad's Contacts.

Remember: Google is synchronising your contacts and calendar information in its Cloud. You don't need to duplicate the process by using iCloud.

Turn off Contacts and Calendars if you are using Google

Turn off Contacts and Calendars if you are using Google

Updating your contacts on the iPad

Any change you make to your Contacts on the iPad will be reflected in the Google Contacts. 

How to get photos onto the iPad

How to get photos onto the iPad


..... The iPad's camera, screen capture, save a photos from a web page

There are many ways to get photos onto your iPad. This post  goes through three ways to get photos onto your iPad.

  1. Using the iPad's camera. You can take a still shot, a square photo, use continuous "Burst Mode" for moving objects or take a video.
  2. Taking a screen capture from a web page or an app and simple editing of the screen capture.
  3. Saving a photo from a web page. Any image can be saved to your Camera Roll as an image.
moments view.jpg

Tap on the home screen

This should be very simple, as this was the original method to open up the camera. Find the camera icon, tap on it.

Slide the camera up on the lock screen

By swiping up the camera icon located in the lower right hand corner of the screen, it opens the camera. You cannot access the Camera roll without unlocking the iPad so this does not present any security risk. The only photos you will be able to access by opening the camera from the Lock Screen are the photos you take using this method.

Use Siri

You can say “Open Camera,” or “Launch Camera,” and Siri will open up the camera app so you are able to use it.

 Use Control Centre

This feature is new in iOS 7. Control Center allows you to easily access your camera wherever you are on your iOS device. To activate Control Center, swipe up on any screen. Then you can press the camera button in the lower right hand corner, which will then open up the camera app.


Taking Photos with the Camera

The iPad snaps fantastic photographs. It has two built-in cameras - one facing forwards, and another looking towards you - and the large display makes it easy to line up shots.

Taking pictures on the iPad couldn't be easier. Tap the Camera app icon on the home screen, line up your shot and tap the white shutter button on the right. You'll hear a shutter 'click' and the photo will be saved to your Camera Roll. You can tap the small photo in the bottom right of the screen to view it, or from the Home Screen use the Photos app to view all your images.

Taking pictures is a breeze, but taking good ones becomes a little easier with a few tricks.

Here are some dependable tips for taking better-looking photographs on an iPad.


Tap to focus

Like all digital cameras the iPad has a great autofocus. It does a wonderful job of detecting faces, but sometimes you want it to focus on a specific object, like something on a landscape or person. Just tap the object in the screen to focus on that point. A yellow square appears, marking the point where you tapped. This will always be in focus.


Pinch to zoom

A surprising number of people don’t realise the iPad has a zoom feature, because it’s so hidden away. There are no on-screen buttons for zooming in and out but you can zoom using a pinch-to-zoom gesture (where you place a finger and thumb on the screen and pinch out). Once you've pinched the screen you can zoom in and out using the white Zoom Slider at the bottom of the screen. The zoom is digital rather than optical, so it enlarges the pixels, which can lead to a reduction in quality so use it cautiously.


Switch to square

The  iPad camera has a fashionable square shot mode that is reminiscent of Polaroid photographs. To use it just slide your finger up the screen and it'll switch to Square mode and the main window will change from a rectangle to a square - square shots are especially good for portraits. Slide your finger back down the screen to move back to regular shots, just be careful not to slide too far or you'll switch to Video mode.


Turn on HDR

The best way to improve the quality of your iPad shots is to use High Dynamic Range or HDR mode. It is a special feature that can create fabulous photographs which you access by tapping HDR above the Shutter. HDR mode takes up more space on the iPad because it actually takes three different photographs at once and combines the best of them into one shot. If you look in the Camera Roll in the Photos app you will see all three shots as well as your HDR one. you can turn this off in the Settings.

Continuous shooting (Burst Mode)

If you have a fast-moving subject, hold down the Shutter button. The iPad makes a fast-clicking noise and takes a series photographs at once. This can be perfect for subjects like motorcars or young children.

Turn on the Grid

The iPad camera has a special mode called Grid. Go to Settings - Photos & Camera and tap the button next to Grid. When you next the Camera app you’ll see white lines across the screen, replicating the 'Rule of Thirds' photographic grid. Try to line up faces and objects where the lines cross or put the horizon on a horizontal line. This will help you frame a picture immaculately.

Taking a screen capture

An iPad can be used for taking screenshots. To take a screenshot,  press the sleep / wake button located on the top right hand side of the iPad and the home button placed at the centre. A small sound and flash confirm the screen capture has been done. The actual screen capture is available from the Photos app.  The screenshots that are taken by an iPad can be used as attachments and sent by email, assigned to a person's contact details, printed & used as a wallpaper or quite simply as a screensaver. 

You may have a lot of apps installed on your new iPad, just imagine when you want to illustrate how to use an app on new iPad, if you can get an exact copy of what you’re seeing on the screen of your new iPad and send to share with others. 

Save an image from a web page

Tap and hold the image within the email. A dialog will pop up with two options – Save Image and Copy.  Save Image will save it to the Saved Photos album in the Photos app.  Copy will place it on the iPad’s clipboard, available to be pasted wherever you want (in a new mail or a word processing app for example).